Study of LEI and FSC

Sev­eral stud­ies have com­pared LEI and FSC Cer­ti­fi­ca­tion schemes. In 1999–2003, dur­ing the imple­men­ta­tion of Joint Cer­ti­fi­ca­tion Pro­gram between LEI dan FSC in Indone­sia, the pro­gram had con­ducted a com­pa­ra­bil­ity study, stated that LEI’s cri­te­ria and indi­ca­tors are com­pa­ra­ble and com­pat­i­ble to FSC prin­ci­ples. In Joint Cer­ti­fi­ca­tion Pro­gram, for­est man­age­ment units that apply to cer­ti­fi­ca­tion are required to pass both sys­tems. Hein­rich and Prase­tyo (2007) have used the FCAG plat­form to com­pare FSC and LEI. For­est Cer­ti­fi­ca­tion Assess­ment Guide (FCAG), is a scheme devel­oped by WWF/World Bank Global For­est Alliance (2007) to assess cer­ti­fi­ca­tion schemes. It has 11 cri­te­ria of assess­ment and lead to three main points: com­pat­i­bil­ity of the sys­tem to inter­na­tional stan­dard, devel­op­ment of the cer­ti­fi­ca­tion sys­tem, and con­sis­tency in the imple­men­ta­tion pro­ce­dures of cer­ti­fi­ca­tion and accred­i­ta­tion. Adding to that, ITTO has also devel­oped study com­par­ing major cer­ti­fi­ca­tion schemes in the World who was under­taken by Sim­ula and Pur­bawiy­atna (2007). The study com­pared the schemes through assess­ment of the fol­low­ing points: accred­i­ta­tion, sys­tem devel­op­ment processes and his­tory, scope and processes in cer­ti­fi­ca­tion, con­tent of the stan­dard, decision-making processes, and analy­sis of CoC cer­ti­fi­ca­tion. Both stud­ies find that LEI and FSC are very much com­pa­ra­ble. The sum­mary of the find­ings are pre­sented below :


LEI’s Recog­ni­tion and Mar­ket Accep­tancce
As mar­ket instru­ment cer­ti­fi­ca­tion needs mar­ket recog­ni­tion. Cred­i­bil­ity with­out com­mu­ni­ca­tion and engage­ment with mar­kets will mean noth­ing to cer­tifi­cate hold­ers. LEI has devel­oped vast net­work inter­na­tion­ally espe­cially with those in the con­sum­ing coun­tries. The coop­er­a­tion is to bring pres­ence of LEI to the world, as well as to learn what the world wants from a cer­ti­fi­ca­tion sys­tem, and how to improve it. For that rea­sons LEI coop­er­ated with UN Uni­ver­sity, Insti­tute of Global Envi­ron­men­tal Ser­vices (IGES) in study­ing com­mu­nity based for­est man­age­ment cer­ti­fi­ca­tion and intro­duc­ing it to the aca­d­e­mic fora. With Friends of the Earth Japan, LEI intro­duced the prod­ucts of cer­ti­fied com­mu­nity forests to Japan­ese mar­ket. The mar­ket responds well. With two lead­ing asso­ci­a­tions in Japan, Japan For­est Tech­nol­ogy Asso­ci­a­tion (JAFTA) and Japan Lum­ber Inspec­tion Asso­ci­a­tion (JLIRA), LEI improve the CoC cer­ti­fi­ca­tion through stud­ies and intro­duc­tion of bet­ter track­ing tech­nolo­gies. Com­bined with other com­mu­ni­ca­tion with buy­ers, gov­ern­ment and NGOs in Japan, LEI pres­ence there is rec­og­nized in the Green Pro­cure­ment Pol­icy of Japan (Green Ko Nyuho). Buy­ers in Japan also requires Indone­sian pulp and paper exporter to have LEI certification.

In other areas, pen­e­tra­tion of LEI labeled prod­ucts has touched major mar­ket in Europe and the US as well. LEI cer­ti­fied fur­ni­ture from Indone­sia has been rec­og­nized as SFM cer­ti­fied prod­ucts by chain of retail­ers such as Mai­son du Monde chain (in 246 stores in Bel­gium, French, Italy and Spain), Sasu’s Play­house in Fin­land, and Pot­tery Barn in the US. For Mai­son du Monde, accept­ing LEI cer­ti­fied prod­ucts is proof of their com­mit­ment in pro­mot­ing sus­tain­abil­ity and help­ing erad­i­cate poverty of the small for­est grow­ers in Indone­sia. LEI cer­ti­fi­ca­tion has shaped the Indone­sian fur­ni­ture to go green. Enjoy­ing the ben­e­fit of LEI cer­tifi­cate from busi­ness and from gov­ern­ment (through impor­tant reg­u­la­tory waivers) for­est man­age­ment units in Indone­sia are very encour­aged to be cer­ti­fied. The devel­op­ment of cer­ti­fied areas are promis­ing, and a dras­tic increased has been achieved, from only 90,000 hectares cer­ti­fied for­est, to become more than 1.6 mil­lion hectares cer­ti­fied forests in less than 4 years.

LEI in Indone­sia: Beyond Certification

When LEI trans­formed itself to become Con­stituency Based Orga­ni­za­tion (CBO), it reached its impor­tant mile­stone, and it proved the con­tin­u­ous and strong sup­ports of all Indone­sian forestry stake­hold­ers. LEI is the first orga­ni­za­tion in Indone­sia to employ the con­stituency based sys­tem, and con­tin­u­ously work in the multi stake­hold­ers con­text of gov­er­nance. It aug­ments the man­date and cred­i­bil­ity of LEI very much.

As man­dated by the mem­bers, LEI is to pro­mote sus­tain­able, fair and just nat­ural resources man­age­ment through among oth­ers, and most impor­tantly, cer­ti­fi­ca­tion sys­tem. LEI has car­ried out the man­date through the estab­lish­ment of cred­i­ble cer­ti­fi­ca­tion sys­tems and through other rel­e­vant and impor­tant activ­i­ties. Such activ­i­ties are devel­op­ment of the national capac­i­ties (per­son­nel, insti­tu­tions and mech­a­nism) to imple­ment Sus­tain­able For­est Man­age­ment (SFM). In doing so, LEI has devel­oped train­ing for asses­sors, facil­i­tated the devel­op­ment of Tim­ber Legal­ity Ver­i­fi­ca­tion Sys­tem (at par with EU require­ment of TLAS for Vol­un­tary Part­ner­ship Agree­ment). LEI also helped improv­ing the government’s manda­tory SFM ver­i­fi­ca­tion sys­tem through improve­ment of the per­son­nel involved. LEI also increas­ingly has more and more impor­tant role in the improve­ment of forestry gov­er­nance through its inter­ac­tion with var­i­ous orga­ni­za­tions in the coun­try. As a result, gov­ern­ment recog­ni­tion to LEI is sig­nif­i­cantly increas­ing, and reflected in the pres­ence of sig­nif­i­cant pol­icy waivers for LEI cer­ti­fied for­est man­age­ment. Through its inter­ac­tion with gov­ern­ment and other insti­tu­tions LEI has been the cen­ter of many improve­ment of Indone­sian forestry governance.

Down­load The Com­plete Reports
The com­plete reports of the stud­ies are avail­able to down­load:
1. For­est Cer­ti­fi­ca­tion Ass­es­ment Guide
2. Annexes ITTO TS 29
3. For­est Cer­ti­fi­ca­tion Study ITTO TS 29

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LEI’s Certified Forests

Untitled Document

2.388.775,35 Ha Plan­ta­tion Forests
36.917,080 Ha Com­mu­nity Forests
5 Chain of Cus­tody

Total 2.425.020,43 Ha

(2017, Jan­u­ary)